Personal Training Blog


posted Sep 29, 2019, 3:37 PM by Difference Personal Training



A calorie can be described as a unit of energy. In nutritional sense, all foods, whether they are considered fats, protein or carbohydrates or sugars, they are all important sources of calories, and we need them to live and to function on a daily basis. Our brain, our muscles, our cells at a molecular level require energy to function.


When we eat food we are bombarded with how many kilojoules or how many kcal or how many calories it contains, this is all potential energy that it contains. So let’s break it down a little bit:


  • Carbohydrates = 1 gram contains 16.37 kJ
  • Protein = 1 gram contains 16.37 kJ
  • Fat = 1 gram contains 37.7 kJ



So let’s say you have a protein powder and it states that it is 30 grams per serving :


30 g x 16.37 kJ = 491 kJ



Or if you have a pasta and you have weight your fettucine and it is 80 grams :


80 g x 16.37 = 1309.6 kJ



Lastly if you decide to have some avocado with your meal, and it weights 15 grams:


15 g x 37.7 kJ = 565 kJ



So you may be wondering how many calories you should be having a day, this is where it gets interesting and there are many different factors that have to be taken into account:


Metabolism – Your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is defined as the number of calories your body burns in the process of normal function, such as respiration, digestion, temperature regulation etc. Depending on how quick or how slow your metabolism is, will also be a factor in the amount of calories eaten that day


Activity Level – The more active you are throughout the day/night, the more calories you will burn, and you may need to consume more calories to maintain energy levels. An inactive person will not require as many calories because they will not burn them


Weight – an individual’s weight impacts on caloric intake, the larger your body mass, the more calories are needed to perform normal bodily functions. A smaller person with lower weight and body mass, will not need as many calories to perform these functions.


Lean Body Mass – The higher your lean body mass is, the higher your BMR will be, this is because the more muscle you have, the more calories you burn at rest. Someone with a high LBM may require more calories than someone with low LBM because they burn a considerable amount performing regular bodily functions.


Age  Metabolism tends to slow down with age, which may need to re-evaluate the amount of calories being consumed


Gender – Studies have shown that men tend to have a higher caloric intake than woman. This can be put down body composition, males bodies tend to have a larger muscle mass than females, which require more calories to maintain.






















posted Aug 21, 2019, 10:15 PM by Difference Personal Training

Metabolism: What you need to know

Metabolism refers to all the chemical processes going on continuously inside your body that allow life and normal functioning (maintaining normal functioning in the body is called homeostasis). These processes include those that break down nutrients from our food, and those that build and repair our body. 

Building and repairing the body requires energy that ultimately comes from your food. The amount of energy, measured in kilojoules (kJ), that your body burns at any given time is affected by your metabolism. If we eat and drink more kilojoules than we need for our metabolism and exercise, we store it mostly as fat. Most of the energy you expend each day is used to keep all the systems in your body functioning properly. This is out of your control.


Your metabolism has two parts, which are carefully regulated by the body to make sure they remain in balance. They are:

Catabolism – the breakdown of food components (such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats) into their simpler forms, which can then be used to create energy and provide the basic building blocks needed for growth and repair

Anabolism – the part of metabolism in which our body is built or repaired. Anabolism requires energy that ultimately comes from our food. When we eat more than we need for daily anabolism, the excess nutrients are typically stored in our body as fat.


Your body’s metabolic rate (or total energy expenditure) can be divided into three components, which are:

Basal metabolic rate (BMR) – is the amount of kilojoules (kJ) burned at rest. BMR includes the energy the body uses to keep all its systems functioning correctly. It accounts for the largest amount of energy expended daily (50-80 per cent of your daily energy use).

Energy used during physical activity – in a moderately active person (30–45 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per day), this component contributes 20 per cent of daily energy use.

Thermic effect of food – is the energy you use to eat, digest and metabolise food. It contributes about 5-10 per cent of your energy use

                                    Metabolism and age-related weight gain

Muscle tissue has a large appetite for kilojoules. The more muscle mass you have, the more kilojoules you will burn. People tend to put on fat as they age, partly because the body slowly loses muscle. It is not clear whether muscle loss is a result of the ageing process or because many people are less active as they age. However, it probably has more to do with becoming less active, as research has shown that strength and resistance training can reduce or prevent this muscle loss.

Looking at ways to speed up your metabolism? Here are a few tips:

Get active - it's a sure-fire way to increase the amount of muscle you have, which in turn will speed up your metabolism. Do a mixture of aerobic and resistance training for best results. And don't forget to be more active in your daily life too.

Eat little and often - there's evidence that eating small, regular meals throughout the day, rather than one or two large meals, may help to keep your metabolism ticking over. Surprisingly, around 10 percent of the calories we use each day go on digesting and absorbing food - so the more times you eat, the greater this effect is likely to be.

Eat plenty of protein-rich foods - research shows that around 25 percent of calories in a protein-rich meal may be burnt off. But make sure you choose low-fat protein foods such as lean meat, skinless chicken and low-fat dairy products.







posted Jul 31, 2019, 9:05 PM by Difference Personal Training   [ updated Jul 31, 2019, 9:07 PM ]


Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time.

Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.

In normal joints, a firm, rubbery material called cartilage covers the end of each bone. Cartilage provides a smooth, gliding surface for joint motion and acts as a cushion between the bones. In OA, the cartilage breaks down, causing pain, swelling and problems moving the joint. As OA worsens over time, bones may break down and develop growths called spurs. Bits of bone or cartilage may chip off and float around in the joint.

Image result for osteoarthritis


·       Pain. Affected joints might hurt during or after movement.

·       Stiffness. Joint stiffness might be most noticeable upon awakening or after being inactive.

·       Tenderness. Your joint might feel tender when you apply light pressure to or near it.

·       Loss of flexibility. You might not be able to move your joint through its full range of motion.

·       Grating sensation. You might feel a grating sensation when you use the joint, and you might hear popping or crackling.

·       Bone spurs. These extra bits of bone, which feel like hard lumps, can form around the affected joint.

·       Swelling. This might be caused by soft tissue inflammation around the joint.


Risk Factors

·       Older age. The risk of osteoarthritis increases with age.

·       Sex. Women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis

·       Obesity. Carrying extra body weight contributes to osteoarthritis in several ways, and the more you weigh, the greater your risk. Increased weight adds stress to weight-bearing joints

·       Joint injuries. Injuries, such as those that occur when playing sports or from an accident, can increase the risk of osteoarthritis

·       Repeated stress on the joint. If your job or a sport you play places repetitive stress on a joint, that joint might eventually develop osteoarthritis.

·       Genetics. Some people inherit a tendency to develop osteoarthritis.

·       Bone deformities. Some people are born with malformed joints or defective cartilage.

·       Certain metabolic diseases. These include diabetes and a condition in which your body has too much iron (hemochromatosis).

Image result for osteoarthritis



While no treatment can reverse the damage of OA, some can help relieve symptoms and maintain mobility in the affected joints.

Physical therapy

Various types of physical therapy may help, including:

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS): A TENS unit attaches to the skin with electrodes. Electrical currents then pass from the unit through the skin and overwhelm the nervous system, reducing its ability to transmit pain signals.

Thermotherapy: Heat and cold may help reduce pain and stiffness in the joints. A person could try wrapping a hot water bottle or an ice pack in a towel and placing it on the affected joint.

Manual therapy: This involves a physical therapist using hands-on techniques to help keep the joints flexible and supple.


Exercise and weight control:

·      maintaining mobility and range of movement

·       improving strength and muscle tone

·       preventing weight gain

·       building up muscles

·       reducing stress

·       lowering the risk of other conditions, such as cardiovascular disease

Image result for osteoarthritis exercise








Diabetes & Exercise

posted Apr 15, 2019, 2:15 PM by Difference Personal Training

When you have type 2 diabetes, physical activity is an important component of your treatment plan.  It’s also important to have a healthy meal plan and maintain your blood glucose level through medications or insulin, if necessary. If you stay fit and active throughout your life, you’ll be able to better control your diabetes and keep your blood glucose level in the correct range. Controlling your blood glucose level is essential to preventing long-term complications, such as nerve pain and kidney disease.

Exercise has so many benefits, but the biggest one is that it makes it easier to control your blood glucose (blood sugar) level. People with type 2 diabetes have too much glucose in their blood, either because their body doesn’t produce enough insulin to process it, or because their body doesn’t use insulin properly (insulin resistant).

In either case, exercise can reduce the glucose in your blood. Muscles can use glucose without insulin when you’re exercising. In other words, it doesn’t matter if you’re insulin resistant or if you don’t have enough insulin: when you exercise, your muscles get the glucose they need, and in turn, your blood glucose level goes down.

Exercise can also help people with type 2 diabetes avoid long-term complications, especially heart problems. People with diabetes are susceptible to developing blocked arteries (arteriosclerosis), which can lead to a heart attack. Exercise helps keep your heart healthy and strong.

Additionally, there are all the traditional benefits of exercise:
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Better control of weight
  • Increased level of good cholesterol (HDL)
  • Leaner, stronger muscles
  • Stronger bones
  • More energy
  • Improved mood
  • Better sleep
  • Stress management

Also before you begin exercising,  you need to set realistic goals. If you haven’t exercised much recently, you will want to start slow and gradually increase the amount and intensity of the activity.
Remember to stay hydrated by drinking water and always have a treatment for low blood glucose handy (a 15 g carb snack is a good idea). It is smart to check your blood sugar with your glucose meter before and after exercise to make sure you are in a safe range.Being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes does change your life, but making small changes to your routine can help you incorporate more physical activity into your day.

How does exercise help with stress?

posted Feb 10, 2019, 7:46 PM by Difference Personal Training   [ updated Feb 10, 2019, 7:47 PM ]

How does exercise help with stress?

Any form of exercise from resistance training to yoga and pilates, can act as a stress reliever! No matter where you fit into the scheme of things from athletes to individuals starting, you can use exercise as a form of stress management and boost your energy levels!

Image result for stress exercise

Exercise increases your overall health and your sense of well-being, but it also has some direct indicators to reduce stress;

  • Endorphins 

Physical activity helps increase the production of your brains feel-good neurotransmitters, called endorphins! Endorphins act as analgesics, which means they diminish the perception of pain.

  • Meditation in motion

After an intense game of sport or an intense gym workout, you’ll often find that you’ve forgotten about your days irritations and have only concentration on the task at hand. As you begin to rid yourself of these irritations through movement and physical activity and focusing on the single task, this can result in more energy and optimism and can clear your mind for the rest of the day/week! 

  • Mood

Regular exercise can increase self confidence and boost self esteem, resulting in a more relaxtion and can lower the symptoms associated with depression and anxiety! In conjunction with these benefits, exercise can also improve sleep which is distributed by stress in many individuals! All of these benefits can reduce your stress levels and give you a sense of command over your life and your body! 


posted Nov 21, 2018, 5:37 PM by Difference Personal Training   [ updated Nov 21, 2018, 5:47 PM ]


There is a lot of talk out there about what supplements you should be taking, but in reality how many of you really know what is good or if someone is just trying to make a quick dollar online by selling you something you don’t really need or wont get too much benefit from using it! I will go through several supplements that are tested and proven and will help with your goal in the gym, whatever that goal may be! 

Whey Protein

As a foundation for muscle gains, quality protein supplementation is without equal. And the best absorbed form—often used specifically post-workout, and with meals to round out one's protein balance—is whey protein. Whey protein has a high biological value and is extremely convenient to take.

Whey protein is a mixture of proteins found in the commonly discarded liquid portion produced during the cheese manufacturing process. It is found in the milk of nearly all animals, including humans. Whey protein is rich in vitamins, minerals, and essential amino acids needed for muscle growth. Along with many other minor proteins, -lactalbumin and β-lactalbumin are the two major proteins found in whey.

Whey protein is a high-quality protein supplement providing large amounts of rapidly and easily digestible amino acids. Whey protein promotes a greater growth of muscle due to the availability of these amino acids, which are the muscle’s building blocks

Branch Chain Amino Acids

BCAA’s have been popular in the body building fraternity for decades but in recent years have become increasingly popular amongst the wider athletic population The three branched-chain amino acids (leucine, isoleucine and valine) are also essential amino acids as they cannot be synthesised by the body and must be obtained from dietary sources. BCAA’s have a unique characteristic in that they can be metabolised in skeletal muscle (other essential amino acids are metabolised via the liver).

BCAA’s have been proposed to benefit performance in several ways including as a stimulant for muscle protein synthesis (through leucine). BCAAs may also prevent muscle protein breakdown and reduce markers of exercise induced muscle damage. There is also some research suggesting that BCCA’s have the potential to act as a fuel source for muscles during exercise, although the research surrounding this is inconclusive. Lastly, BCAA’s may interfere with the transport of tryptophan into the brain, reducing the synthesis of serotonin thereby reducing feelings of fatigue.


Glutamine is the most common amino acid found in your muscles—over 61% of skeletal muscle is Glutamine. Glutamine consists of 19% nitrogen, making it the primary transporter of nitrogen into your muscle cells. During intense training, Glutamine levels are greatly depleted in your body, which decreases strength, stamina and recovery. It could take up to 6 days for Glutamine levels to return to normal—and Glutamine plays a key role in protein synthesis. Studies have shown that L-Glutamine supplementation can minimize breakdown of muscle and improve protein metabolism.

Glutamine plays key roles in protein metabolism, cell volumizing, and anti-catabolism. Glutamine's anti-catabolism ability prevents the breakdown of your muscles.Your small intestines requires the most Glutamine in your body, and your immune system also needs Glutamine because Glutamine levels deplete during workouts, bodybuilders are more susceptible to illnesses—this is why L-Glutamine supplementation is so important, not necessarily to gain more muscle, but for the "maintenance" effects of L-Glutamine.L-Glutamine supplementation promotes a positive nitrogen balance and prevents the loss of muscle.


Creatine helps increase your ATP stores, or adrenaline triphosphate. ATP is the chemical form of energy that your body uses when you move. So basically, creatine helps you have more energy, especially for quick, intense movements. Creatine works by raising the levels of the chemicals that are present naturally in your body that help you create energy. As such, it has a number of potential benefits and has been shown through extensive clinical research to be safe, without adverse health risk.

Taking creatine will help to increase your overall workout intensity, which means you will achieve a higher level of muscle mass. The creatine will allow you to keep pushing hard in the gym at a time when you would usually have to decrease the load or stop entirely, so this helps in terms of building muscle faster.

Creatine allows you to train at a higher frequency, which means quicker and more significant muscular gains. The more frequently you are able to stimulate a muscle, the faster it will grow—provided that it has had the opportunity to fully grow back after the first stress load that was placed upon it. Since creatine helps increase the recovery rate of the muscle cells, you may not require as much total rest time in between workouts.

Pregnancy & Exercise

posted Oct 24, 2018, 8:22 PM by Difference Personal Training   [ updated Oct 24, 2018, 8:27 PM ]

There are numerous potential health benefits for women who exercise during pregnancy, including better weight control, improved mood and maintenance of fitness levels. Regular exercise during pregnancy can also decrease the risk of pregnancy-related complications such as pregnancy-induced hypertension and pre-eclampsia.Before exercising when pregnant, consult your doctor, physiotherapist or healthcare professional. You may need to modify your existing exercise program or choose a suitable new one if you were exercising very little before getting pregnant. 


Benefits of exercise during pregnancy




Increased Energy

Improved Fitness

Reduced Back Pain

Faster recovery from labour

Improved posture

Improved circulation

Decreased risk of complications

Weight control

Stress relief

Reduced risk of anxiety & depression

Improved sleep management





Exercising and changes associated with pregnancy


Your body will undergo many changes during pregnancy. Some will affect your ability to exercise, or require you to modify your exercise routine, including:


              Hormones such as relaxin loosen ligaments, which could increase your risk of joint injuries

              As pregnancy progresses, your weight will increase and you will experience changes in weight distribution and body shape. This results in the body’s centre of gravity moving forward, which can alter your balance and coordination.

              Pregnancy increases your resting heart rate, so don’t use your target heart rate to work out the intensity of your exercise.

              Your blood pressure drops in the second trimester, so it is important to avoid rapid changes of position – from lying to standing and vice versa – so as not to experience dizzy spells.  

Suggested exercise activities during pregnancy





Muscle strengthing exercises (pelvic floor)



Resistance Exercise


Exercises to avoid while pregnant


During pregnancy, avoid sports and activities with increased risk of, or characterised by:

              abdominal trauma or pressure – such as weightlifting

              contact or collision– such as martial arts, soccer, basketball and other competition sports

              hard projectile objects or striking implements – such as hockey, cricket or softball

              falling – such as downhill skiing, horse riding and skating

              extreme balance, co-ordination and agility – such as gymnastics

              significant changes in pressure – such as SCUBA diving

              heavy lifting

              high-altitude training at over 2000 m

              supine exercise position (lying on your back)

Muscle Growth Tips

posted Sep 17, 2018, 12:53 AM by Difference Personal Training

Muscle Growth Tips


Maximize muscle building. The more protein your body stores—in a

process called protein synthesis—the larger your muscles grow. But your

body is constantly draining its protein reserves for other uses—making

hormones, for instance. The result is less protein available for muscle

building. To counteract that, you need to build and store new proteins faster

than your body breaks down old proteins.


Eat meat. Shoot for about 1 gram of protein per pound of body weight,which

Is roughly the maximum amount your body can use in a day, according to a

Landmark study in the Journal of Applied Physiology.


For example, a 160-pound man should consume 160 grams of protein a

day—the amount hed get from an 8-ounce chicken breast, 1 cup of cottage cheese, a roast-beef sandwich, two eggs, a glass of milk, and 2 ounces of peanuts.



Work your biggest muscles. If youre a beginner, just about any

workout will be intense enough to increase protein synthesis. But if youve

been lifting for a while, youll build the most muscle quickest if you focus on

the large muscle groups, like the chest, back, and legs.


Add squats, deadlifts, pullups, bent-over rows, bench presses, dips, and

Military presses to your workout. Do two or three sets of eight to 12

repetitions, with about 60 secondsrest between sets.



Lift every other day. Do a full-body workout followed by a day of rest.

Studies show that a challenging weight workout increases protein synthesis

for up to 48 hours immediately after your exercise session.



Down the carbs after your workout. Research shows that you'll

Rebuild muscle faster on your rest days if you feed your body carbohydrates.

Post-workout meals with carbs increase your insulin levels,which, in turn,

Slows the rate of protein breakdown





Eat Enough Good Fats. One mistake wannabe lifters make is to not eat enough good fats. When I first began lifting and eating seriously, I would try my best to steer away from fats. Little did I know that fats were actually important in growth. One good thing to know about good fats is that there is a direct relationship between fat and testosterone levels.



Drink Plenty of Water. One of the most overlooked factors in exercise is adequate water consumption. This should be a no-brainer since water comprises up to 70% of the body and if you're dehydrated, your muscle size suffers as well. I believe that one pound of muscle can hold up to three pounds of water. Now if you add it all up, that's a lot of size.

Stretching Blog

posted Sep 3, 2018, 4:29 PM by Difference Personal Training

Benefits Of Stretching and Muscle Release



We all know how much we should be stretching and how it makes us ‘feel’ better and how ‘loose’ our muscles become, but we don’t stretch as near as enough as we should be to get maximum benefit for our bodies! I will go through and talk about the benefits of stretching and myofascial release and how often and a few tips to maximise the benefits gained!


                            Benefits of Myofasical Release


         Increases blood flow. Research has shown that self-myofascial release can increase vascular function. By getting rid of knots and tension in the fascia that may be restricting fluid flow in the area, self-myofascial release techniques helps to keep your muscles and connective tissue well hydrated. That means that you’ll recover and heal faster.


         Improves muscular range of motion. Studies have also shown that self-myofascial release can increase range of motion without decreasing muscle force or activation. By breaking up the adhesions in the fascia, your muscles and connective tissue can move more freely and you avoid muscle restrictions when you exercise.


         Reduce muscle soreness. With better circulation to your muscles and connective tissues, you’ll experience less muscle soreness.


         Maintains normal functional muscular length. Self-myofascial release relieves tension in the myofascia network and helps your muscles return to their normal length, improving muscle function.


         Encourages movement of your lymph – a major component of your immune system that helps to fight infection int he body. However, the lymph system relies on movement pressure to move the fluid. Self-myofascial release can encourage the flow of lymph back to the heart.



                                     Benefits of Stretching


                     Increased flexibility and joint range of motion:      Flexible muscles can improve your daily performance. Tasks such as lifting packages, bending to tie your shoes or hurrying to catch a bus become easier and less tiring. Flexibility tends to diminish as you get older, but you can regain and maintain it.

                     Improved circulation: Stretching increases blood flow to your muscles. Blood flowing to your muscles brings nourishment and gets rid of waste byproducts in the muscle tissue. Improved circulation can help shorten your recovery time if you've had any muscle injuries.

                     Better posture: Frequent stretching can help keep your muscles from getting tight, allowing you to maintain proper posture. Good posture can minimize discomfort and keep aches and pains at a minimum.

                     Stress relief: Stretching relaxes tight, tense muscles that often accompany stress.

                     Enhanced coordination: Maintaining the full range-of-motion through your joints keeps you in better balance. Coordination and balance will help keep you mobile and less prone to injury from falls, especially as you get older.



                                      Tips for Stretching


                     Warm up first: Stretching muscles when they're cold increases your risk of pulled muscles. Warm up by walking while gently pumping your arms, or do a favourite exercise at low intensity for five minutes.

                     Hold each stretch for at least 30 seconds: It takes time to lengthen tissues safely. Hold your stretches for at least 30 seconds — and up to 60 seconds for a really tight muscle or problem area. That can seem like a long time, so wear a watch or keep an eye on the clock to make sure you're holding your stretches long enough. For most of your muscle groups, if you hold the stretches for at least 30 seconds, you'll need to do each stretch only once.

                     Don't bounce: Bouncing as you stretch can cause small tears (microtears) in the muscle, which leave scar tissue as the muscle heals. The scar tissue tightens the muscle even further, making you even less flexible — and more prone to pain.

                     Focus on a pain-free stretch: If you feel pain as you stretch, you've gone too far. Back off to the point where you don't feel any pain, then hold the stretch.

                     Relax and breathe freely: Don't hold your breath while you're stretching.

                     Stretch both sides: Make sure your joint range of motion is as equal as possible on each side of your body

                     Stretch before and after activity: Light stretching after your warm-up followed by a more thorough stretching regimen after your workout is your best bet

Common Mistakes With Nutrition

posted Jun 19, 2018, 8:47 PM by Difference Personal Training   [ updated Jun 19, 2018, 8:52 PM ]

Common Mistakes With Nutrition  

Image result for nutrition weight loss

With any exercise program, the nutrition component is important, if not more important, but a lot of people may not know a few common mistakes that you are making while trying to change your diet! Breaking a habit in regards to nutrition is hard, it only takes one slip up and you’re back to square one, therefore it is very important to nail these first go and keep your nutrition on track.

Under Eating 

Many individual think that to lose weight, you simply just cut out a few meals and therefore your calorie intake will drop, therefore resulting in weight loss? Sounds fairly easy in concept, but it is not correct and you are only harming your body and depriving your body of crucial nutrients!!

Our bodies typically have around 2 days worth of glycogen (carbohydrate stores=energy), which maintains blood sugar levels. By continuing to ‘starve’ yourself in the pursuit of weight loss, the opposite happens, this will in face slow down your metabolism, leading to a lack of energy. As the process continues your body is pretty much solely relying on protein and ketone bodies which are made from fat as its only source of energy. So in saying that, do not under eat, see a fitness professional, work out what calories you need to be consuming and do not starve yourself to lose weight, you are only damaging your own health!!!


Image result for carbohydrates

Im sure by now most of you would have heard the saying that carbs are bad, or to avoid carbs because they make you fat… in reality a healthy portion of carbs are important and are important for weight loss. You need to understand that when the term ‘carbohydrates’ is being used, it is a broad term and that not all carbs are the same, its about the quality and quantity of carbs in the diet that is important. 

Carbohydrates are generally the bodies main source of energy in a balanced diet, they are broken down in to glucose (sugar), which is used by our body for energy, fuelling all our activities. 

Lets get into the fun part, should I cut out carbohydrates? 

If we were to cut them out, we could live without the glucose (sugar), it is unrealistic to think we can cut them out completely, but having a balanced diet requires carbs. Without carbs, it will be difficult to obtain enough fibre in our diet, which is important for a healthy digestive system.

By cutting carbs out, it could put you at an increased risk of being deficient in certain nutrients (calcium, iron, b vitamins to name a few), this would also mean you would need to substitute by increasing amount of fats and proteins which is generally higher in saturated fat, and we do not need that level of cholesterol to rise in our body! 

So in short, don’t cut out carbs, they are important in our macronutrients, just adjust what type of carbohydrate you are eating, more starchy foods, such as fruits, vegetables (5 serves a day), wholegrain varieties in comparison to the sweets, cakes and pastries which will affect weight loss.

Thinking That You Need to Eat 5-6 Times Per Day

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Im sure you’ve heard of this one as well, you need to have breakfast first thing in the morning and every 2-3 hours have a small/medium meal, it will help your metabolism and help you lose weight. While eating does slightly raise your metabolic rate while digesting and metabolising food, it all comes down to calorie intake throughout a 24 hour period, not the number of meals you have. Some individuals will only have 2-3 meals per day, large in calories, whereas, other individual may have 4-5 meals of medium calorie intake.

Our bodies are well equipped to handle short periods of ‘famine’ (5 & 2, intermittent fasting - topic for another blog altogether), so don’t get caught into the whole ‘breakfast is the most important meal of the day’ topic or needing to eat 5-6 meals per day, every individual is different, remember that, what works for me, may not work for you, we need to individualise our nutritional intake and implement something that works for you and your time schedule also.

 Protein Intake

Image result for protein for weight loss

By now, you should know that protein intake is a key part of weight loss, this can be due to many different factors, including; reducing appetite, increased feelings of fullness, decreased calorie intake and a increase in metabolic rate!

In every meal you have, you should include some form of protein, carbohydrates and fat, so you can space your calories out throughout the day, every individual’s protein intake a day is different, the general rule is about 0.8 grams of protein per kilo of body weight, this can be increased to 1-1.2 grams of protein per kilo of body weight once training intensity and days increase to supplement the muscle growth and repair.

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